sarcofaag van Simpelveld
175-225 AD, sandstone, length 205 cm, Simpelveld (province of Limburg)
In 1930, during digging works near a house in Simpelveld, three sandstone sarcophagi were found. Two of them had been plundered, but the third still contained a number of grave gifts.
This sarcophagus - or rather ash container, because cremated remains were found in it - is a unique item because on the inside it is completely covered in reliefs. On one of the long sides a woman is depicted, lying on a 'wooden' couch. Next to her the interior of her house is represented by furniture and other household goods.
These reliefs are of great importance, because they give us a clear idea of the interior of a wealthy Roman's house. On the opposite site of the woman the exterior of a house is depicted. The sarcophagus still contained some gold jewelry, a small silver mirror, a glass vial, an earthernware flask and some other items. In 1937, near the site where the sarcophagus was found, traces of a villa were discoverd. Possibly that is where the woman lived.
- Date of creation
- van 175 tot 250
- Type object
- sarcophagi (coffins)
- Archeological finds from the Netherlands
- for information contact: Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden